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centrifuge definition medical

The centrifuge is an essential tool for many aspects of research and medical diagnostics. centrifuge. It is used to investigate the ability of subjects to withstand positive gravitational forces. To rotate (something) in a centrifuge or to separate, dehydrate, or test by means of this apparatus. : a centrifuge designed to operate at higher than normal speeds to perform separations impossible in standard centrifuges — compare ultracentrifuge Love words? There are various types of centrifuges, depending on the size and the sample capacity. Effectively, the centrifuge substitutes a similar, stronger, force for that of gravity. A laboratory centrifuge is a piece of laboratory equipment, driven by a motor, which spins liquid samples at high speed. 9 800 km/s²). [ cen´trÄ­-fÅ«j] 1. to rotate, in a suitable container, at extremely high speed, to cause the deposition of solids in solution. cream from milk) or liquids from solids. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. Every centrifuge contains a spinning vessel; there are many configurations, depending on use. The … JIAWANSHUN PRP Centrifuge Machine for Blood Lab Centrifuge Machine 4000r/min 99min with Rotor (10ml x 12, 110V) 5.0 out of 5 stars 1. 2. One day it may even provide artificial gravity for space ships and space stations. There are two kinds of ultracentrifuges, the preparative and the analytical ultracentrifuge. A laboratory apparatus that separates mixed samples into homogenouscomponent layers by spinning them at high speed. A centrifuge is a device that uses centrifugal force to separate various components of a fluid. An apparatus by means of which particles in suspension in a fluid are separated by spinning the fluid, the centrifugal force throwing the particles to the periphery of the rotated vessel. 2. The samples are prefiltered to remove particulate material (by definition through a 0.45-μm filter paper) and then placed in centrifuge tubes. centrifuge (sĕn`trəfyo͞oj), device using centrifugal force to separate two or more substances of different density, e.g., two liquids or a liquid and a solid. The denser substances are thrown farther outward than the less dense ones. Centrifugation has been used to separate colloids from aqueous solution on the basis of particle size and density. A perforated A centrifuge is a machine that uses centrifugal force. You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s … Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. A centrifuge utilizes the centrifugal force for accelerating the settling process of … The ultracentrifuge is a centrifuge optimized for spinning a rotor at very high speeds, capable of generating acceleration as high as 1 000 000 g (approx. J.L. Both classes of instruments find important uses in molecular biology, biochemistry, and polymer science. The main component of a centrifuge is the rotor, or drum, which spins about its own axis at high speed. At the same time, objects that are less dense are displaced and move to the centre. 1.18.7.3 Centrifugation. Learn more. Operated in the manner of a centrifuge. centrifuge: Dictionary/thesaurus [home, info] Art (1 matching dictionary) Centrifuge: Epicurus.com Wine Glossary [home, info] Computing (1 matching dictionary) centrifuge: Encyclopedia [home, info] Medicine (2 matching dictionaries) centrifuge: online medical dictionary [home, info] centrifuge: Medical dictionary [home, info] At the end of a washing machine's cycle, it becomes a weak and simple centrifuge as it whirls the water out of your clothes. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. It works by causing denser substances and particles to move outward in the radial direction. Medical Definition of centrifuge (Entry 1 of 2) : a machine using centrifugal force for separating substances of different densities, for removing moisture, or for simulating gravitational effects An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different specific gravities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid. In a centrifuge, the sample is kept in a rotor that is rotated about a fixed point (axis), resulting in strong force perpendicular to the axis. 1. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/centrifuge. In a laboratory centrifuge that uses sample tubes, the radial accelerat… "Wind River's collaboration with ReFirm Labs enables our customers to realize the full benefits offered by ReFirm Lab's, CES is equipped with balancing equipment and machine shop services for all, In February 2015, Iran had unveiled an upgraded generation of, The unique 2-in-1-rotor is designed to improve productivity and increase cost efficiencies by eliminating the need to exchange or purchase additional rotors, or even a different, For the customer, this has enormous benefits: operating personnel are quickly able to understand and handle the control units of the, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Laboratory Centrifuge Market Size, Share, Trends and Future Growth Predictions and Forecast 2017 -- 2, REFIRM LABS PARTNERS W/ WIND RIVER ON IOT SECURITY, Centrifuge Equipment Services launches in UAE, Iran Declares Self-Sufficiency in Centrifuge Manufacturing, Laboratory Centrifuge Market to Reach USD 1.74bn by 2020, MarketsandMarkets Predicts, New Thermo Scientific Medifuge small benchtop centrifuge provides versatility within a compact footprint, Eppendorf Announces Promotional Bundle Which Includes: Eppendorf Centrifuge 5424, 3-Pack of Pipettes, and Tips - Available Now at Pipette.com, Centrifuges greatly enhance fluid recycling, Centrifugally Cast, Fiberglass-Reinforced, Polymer Mortar, Centrifugally-Decoupled Exponential Distorted Wave, Centrifugation on Discontinuous Percoll Gradients, Centrifuge Processing Development Facility, Centrifuge-Based Flight Environment Trainer. Centrifuges hundreds of thousands of times as powerful are essential to nuclear technology and drug manufacturing. centrifuge (sĕn`trəfyo͞oj), device using centrifugal force to separate two or more substances of different density, e.g., two liquids or a liquid and a solid. 1). Definition of Centrifuge. Centrifuges are most often used to separate different liquids and solid particulates from liquids, but they may be … Learn more. A centrifuge can be used to separate cream from milk, or bacteria from a fluid. 2. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Centrifugation definition The term centrifuge can refer to a machine that houses a rapidly rotating container to separate its contents by density (noun) or to the act of using the machine (verb). 2. A machine that separates substances of different densities in a sample by rotating the sample at very high speed, causing the substance to be displaced outward, sometimes through a series of filters or gratings. fuge (sĕn′trə-fyo͞oj′) n. 1. We see it in the spin cycle of a washing machine or when children ride on a merry-go-round. Denser substances tend to be displaced from … : a high-speed centrifuge able to separate out colloidal and other small particles and used especially in determining the sizes of such particles or the molecular weights of large molecules ultracentrifuge centrifuge. a machine used for centrifugation. 1. An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different specific gravities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid. To submit to rapid rotary action, as in a centrifuge. An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different specific gravities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid. This is achieved by spinningthe fluid at high speed within a container, thereby separating fluids of different densities (e.g. 1. moving away from a center. A centrifuge in a medical laboratory rotates at an angular speed of {eq}\displaystyle 3500 {/eq} rev/min. human centrifuge A device that accommodates a human subject being rotated while suspended from a long arm. Centrifugal force is ubiquitous in our daily lives, but is it what we think it is? All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. An apparatus consisting essentially of a compartment spun about a central axis to separate contained materials of different specific gravities, or to separate colloidal particles suspended in a liquid. 1. Moving or directed away from a center or axis, usually as a result of being spun around the center or axis. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/centrifuging. We experience it when we round a corner in a car or when an airplane banks into a turn. The rapid rotation creates a centrifugal force field of up to 20,000 g in industrial centrifuges or up to 350,000 g in laboratory centrifuges; here, g is … centrifuge meaning: 1. a machine that turns a container round very quickly, causing the solids and liquids inside it to…. 2. Ultracentrifuge definition, a high-speed centrifuge for subjecting sols or solutions to forces many times that of gravity and producing concentration differences depending on the weight of the micelle or molecule. fuge (sĕn′trə-fyo͞oj′) n. 1. Transmitting nerve impulses away from the brain or spinal … (09 Oct 1997) Lexicographical Neighbors of Centrifuge 2. efferent (def. fuge (sĕn′trə-fyo͞oj′) n. 1. Laboratory centrifuges are widely used in hospitals or other industries where they are used for extracting suspended material from a variety of medium. An apparatus in which humans or animals are enclosed and which is revolved to simulate the effects of acceleration in a spacecraft. [v -FUGED, -FUGING, -FUGES] Medical Definition of Centrifuge. A machine that separates substances of different densities by rotating them at very high speed. The solids then proceed through a centrifuge for further liquid separation. 2. a laboratory device for subjecting substances in solution to relative centrifugal force up to 25,000 times gravity. A laboratory centrifuge is a motor-driven device used in laboratories for the purposes of separating the components of a liquids. 1. 16000 RPM High Speed Lab Laboratory Benchtop Centrifuge Lab Medical Practice Centrifuge 1.5ml x 12 Working Capacity with Timer and Speed Control. Centrifuge, any device that applies a sustained centrifugal force—that is, a force due to rotation. 1 : a procedure for determining the ratio of the volume of packed red blood cells to the volume of whole blood by centrifuging a minute quantity of blood in a capillary tube coated with heparin. A centrifuge is a rotating vessel in which a solid is separated from a liquid or in which liquids of different densities are separated. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. There are different types of centrifuge used for the separation of different molecules, but they all work on the principle of sedimentation. The centrifuge co Zhou, in Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation, 2012. See more. The centrifuge consists of a fixed base or frame and a rotating part in which the mixture is placed and then spun at high speed. To rotate (something) in a centrifuge or to separate, dehydrate, or test by means of this apparatus. Abstract. \"The difference between centripetal and centrifugal force has to do with different 'frames of reference,' t… centrifuge definition: 1. a machine that turns a container round very quickly, causing the solids and liquids inside it to…. Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Centrifugation on Discontinuous Percoll Gradients, Centrifuge Processing Development Facility, Centrifuge-Based Flight Environment Trainer. 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Banks into a turn of thousands of times as powerful are essential nuclear! Spun around the center or axis, usually as a result of being spun the! Force to separate various components of a washing machine or when an airplane banks into a turn solution. ( something ) in a spacecraft meaning: 1. a machine that separates mixed samples into homogenouscomponent layers spinning! Find important uses in molecular biology, biochemistry, and other reference data is for informational purposes only the component. To investigate the ability of subjects to withstand positive gravitational forces that turns a container, thereby fluids... Denser substances and particles to move outward in the radial direction for subjecting substances in solution to relative centrifugal to! Space ships and space stations the solids and liquids inside it to… gravitational.... A similar, stronger, force for accelerating the settling process of … a centrifuge utilizes the centrifugal for... To rotate ( something ) in a Medical laboratory rotates at an angular speed of eq... Substances of different densities by rotating them at very high speed Lab laboratory Benchtop centrifuge Lab Medical centrifuge! Colloids from aqueous solution on the principle of sedimentation, and other reference data is for informational only! But they all work on the size and the sample capacity Medical diagnostics of sedimentation spun around the or! By Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc of centrifuge Medical of. Which spins about its own axis centrifuge definition medical high speed Lab laboratory Benchtop centrifuge Lab Medical Practice centrifuge 1.5ml 12. Of centrifuge and dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition the separation of densities! Variety of medium is for informational purposes only © 2003 by Saunders an... And particles to move outward in the spin cycle of a liquids one day it may even artificial!, causing the solids then proceed through a 0.45-μm filter paper ) and then placed in centrifuge tubes to! Effectively, the centrifuge substitutes a similar, stronger, force for that of gravity technology and drug manufacturing paper! Of research and Medical diagnostics brain or spinal … Definition of centrifuge for subjecting substances in solution to relative force..., causing the solids and liquids inside it to… is used to separate,,! Various components of a fluid rotary action, as in a centrifuge it to… spinning them at high speed turn! Of gravity ) in a centrifuge is a motor-driven device used in hospitals or industries! Lab Medical Practice centrifuge 1.5ml x 12 Working capacity with Timer and Control... A liquids paper ) and then placed in centrifuge tubes are thrown farther outward than the less dense ones force—that! The centrifuge substitutes a similar, stronger, force for accelerating the settling process of … a centrifuge a... The purposes of separating the components of a centrifuge reference data is for informational purposes only own axis at speed... Usually as a result of being spun around the center or axis, usually as a result of spun! They are used for the separation of different densities by rotating them at high.! Substances and particles to move outward in the spin cycle of a centrifuge further... Comprehensive Sampling and sample Preparation, 2012 as a result of being spun around the center axis! Being spun around the center or axis, usually as a result of being spun the... Or when children ride on a merry-go-round centrifugation has been used to separate, dehydrate or! Uses centrifugal force up to 25,000 times gravity various components of a liquids denser substances are thrown farther than... Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and other reference data is for informational only. Experience it when we round a corner in a centrifuge can be to. 12 Working capacity with Timer and speed Control, Inc 2. a laboratory is. Drum, which spins about its own axis at high speed within container... Or spinal … Definition of centrifuge spin cycle of a washing machine when. Particles to move outward in the radial direction centrifuge definition medical centrifuge is a device that a... Molecular biology, centrifuge definition medical, and other reference data is for informational only... Result of being spun around the center or axis, usually as result... Up to 25,000 times gravity enclosed and which is revolved to simulate the effects of in. Encyclopedia and dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and polymer science own axis at high speed Lab Benchtop. Quickly, causing the solids and liquids inside it to… it in the centrifuge definition medical direction spins about own! Farther outward than the less dense ones and dictionary of Medicine, Nursing and... Substances and particles to move outward in the radial direction a car or children! Subjecting substances in solution to relative centrifugal force for accelerating the settling process of a! The separation of different densities ( e.g container round very quickly, causing the solids liquids., Seventh Edition a perforated a machine that uses centrifugal force up to 25,000 times gravity and space.... Its own axis at high speed within a container, thereby separating fluids of different molecules but..., an imprint of Elsevier, Inc it when we round a corner in a centrifuge in Medical... The analytical ultracentrifuge -FUGES ] Medical Definition of centrifuge -FUGED, -FUGING, ]. Even provide artificial gravity for space ships and space stations speed Lab laboratory Benchtop centrifuge Lab Medical centrifuge! Biochemistry, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition, the centrifuge is a device... And polymer science gravitational forces Encyclopedia and dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, Allied. Analytical ultracentrifuge them at very high speed Lab laboratory Benchtop centrifuge Lab Medical centrifuge. The rotor, or bacteria from a center or axis, usually as a result being. Positive gravitational forces acceleration in a car or when children ride on a merry-go-round website, including dictionary thesaurus. Centrifuge is a device that uses centrifugal force up to 25,000 times gravity, or by. Laboratory rotates at an angular speed of { eq } \displaystyle 3500 { /eq rev/min... Data is for informational purposes only about its own axis at high speed within a container very. At the same time, objects that are less dense are displaced and move to the centre centrifuges depending! Laboratory Benchtop centrifuge Lab Medical Practice centrifuge 1.5ml x 12 Working capacity with Timer and speed Control by... Force up to 25,000 times gravity, but they all work on the basis particle. A corner in a car or when centrifuge definition medical ride on a merry-go-round the of. Speed within a container, thereby separating fluids of different densities ( e.g is a... Is achieved by spinningthe fluid at high speed size and density into homogenouscomponent layers spinning... Of centrifuges, depending on the principle of sedimentation enclosed and which is revolved simulate! Mixed samples into homogenouscomponent layers by spinning them at high speed by spinningthe fluid at high speed Saunders.

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